River Species

Hundreds of species of fish and wildlife are known to use the lower Columbia River and estuary during a portion of their life. Some may live and die within 1 mile of their birth. Others, such as salmon and certain bird species will travel thousands of miles over the course of their lives, off to different continents or up the Pacific Coast to Alaska, before returning to the lower Columbia River.

The species list was pulled from the Estuary Partnership’s Subbasin Plans for the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Council.

Fish
Amphibians
Birds
Mammals
Marine Mammals
Reptiles

Fish

Common NameScientific Name
Pacific lampreyLampetra tridentata
River lampreyLampetra ayresi
Spiny dogfishSqualus acanthias
Big skateRaja binoculata
Green sturgeonAcipenser medirostris
White sturgeonAcipenser transmontanus
American shadAlosa sapidissima
Pacific herringClupea harengus pallasi
Northern anchovyEngraulis mordax
Chum salmonOncorhynchus keta
Coho salmonOncorhynchus kisutch
Sockeye salmonOncorhynchus nerka
Chinook salmonOncorhynchus tshawytscha
SteelheadOncorhynchus mykiss
Cutthroat troutOncorhynchus clarki clarki
Mountain whitefishProsopium williamsoni
Whitebait smeltAllosmerus elongates
Surf smeltHypomesus pretiosus
Night smeltSpirinchus starksi
Longfin smeltSpirinchus thaleichthys
EulachonThaleichthys pacificus
Common carpCyprinus carpio
PeamouthMylocheilus caurinus
Northern pikeminnowPtychocheilus oregonensis
Largescale suckerCatostomus macrocheilus
Yellow bullheadIctalurus natalis
Brown bullheadIctalurus nebulosus
Channel catfishIctalurus punctatus
Pacific hakeMerluccius productus
Pacific tomcodMicrogadus proximus
Walleye PollockTheragra chalcogramma
Threespine sticklebackGasterosteus aculeatus
Bay pipefishSyngnathus leptorhynchus
PumpkinseedLepomis gibbosus
WarmouthLepomis gulosus
BluegillLepomis macrochirus
WalleyeStizostedium vitreum
Smallmouth bassMicropterus dolomeiui
Largemouth bassMicropterus salmoides
White crappiePomoxis annularis
Black crappiePomoxis migromaculatus
Yellow perchPerca flavenscens
Redtail surfperchAmphistichus rhodoterus
Shiner perchCymatogaster aggregata
Striped seaperchEmbiotoca lateralis
Spotfin surfperchHyperprosopon anale
Walleye surfperchHyperprosopon argenteum
Silver surfperchHyperprosopon ellipticum
White seaperchPhanerodon furcatus
Pile perchRhacochilus vacca
Pacific sandfishTrichodon trichodon
Snake pricklebackLumpenus sagitta
Saddleback gunnelPholis ornata
Pacific sand lanceAmmodytes hexapterus
Bay gobyLepidogobius lepidus
Kelp greenlingHexogrammus decagrammus
LingcodOphiodon elongatus
Padded sculpinArtedius fenestralis
Coastrange sculpinCottus aleuticus
Prickly sculpinCottus asper
Buffalo sculpinEnophyrs bison
Pacific staghorn sculpinLeptocottus armatus
CabezonScorpaenichthys marmoratus
Warty poacherOcella verrucosa
Tubenose poacherPallasina barbata
Pricklebreast poacherStellerina xyosterna
Slipskin snailfishLiparis fucencis
Showy snailfishLiparis pulchellus
Ringtail snailfishLiparis rutteri
Pacific sanddabCitharichthys sordidus
Speckled sanddabCitharichthys stigmaeus
Butter soleIsopsetta isolepis
English soleParophrys vetulus
Starry flounderPlatichthys stellatus
C-O solePleuronichthys coenosus
Sand solePsettichthys melanostictus
Larval smelt 
Larval flatfish 
Other larval fish 

 

Amphibians

Common NameScientific Name
Northwestern SalamanderAmbystoma gracile
Long-toed SalamanderAmbystoma macrodactylum
Cope's Giant SalamanderDicamptodon copei
Pacific Giant SalamanderDicamptodon tenebrosus
Columbia TorrentSalamander Rhyacotriton kezeri
Cascade Torrent SalamanderRhyacotriton cascadae
Rough-skinned NewtTaricha granulosa
Dunn's SalamanderPlethodon dunni
Larch Mountain SalamanderPlethodon larselli
Van Dyke's SalamanderPlethodon vandykei
Western Red-backed SalamanderPlethodon vehiculum
Ensatina Ensatinaeschscholtzii
Clouded SalamanderAneides ferreus
Oregon Slender SalamanderBatrachoseps wrighti
Tailed FrogAscaphus truei
Western ToadBufo boreas
Pacific Chorus (Tree) FrogPseudacris regilla
Red-legged FrogRana aurora
Cascades FrogRana cascadae
Oregon Spotted FrogRana pretiosa
Columbia Spotted FrogRana luteiventris
BullfrogRana catesbeian

Birds

Common NameScientific Name
Red-throated LoonGavia stellata
Pacific LoonGavia pacifica
Common LoonGavia immer
Yellow-billed LoonGavia adamsii
Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps
Horned GrebePodiceps auritus
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis
Western GrebeAechmophorus occidentalis
Clark's GrebeAechmophorus clarkii
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseus
Short-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus tenuirostris
Fork-tailed Storm-petrelOceanodroma furcata
Leach's Storm-petrelOceanodroma leucorhoa
Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalis
Brandt's CormorantPhalacrocorax penicillatus
Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritus
Pelagic CormorantPhalacrocorax pelagicus
American BitternBotaurus lentiginosus
Great Blue HeronArdea herodias
Great EgretArdea alba
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Green HeronButorides virescens
Black-crowned Night-heronNycticorax nycticorax
Turkey VultureCathartes aura
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Snow GooseChen Ccaerulescens
Ross's GooseChen rossii
Canada GooseBranta canadensis
Dusky Canada GooseBranta canadensis occidentalis, Baird
BrantBranta bernicla
Trumpeter SwanCygnus buccinator
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Wood DuckAix sponsa
GadwallAnas strepera
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelope
American WigeonAnas americana
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Blue-winged TealAnas discors
Cinnamon TealAnas cyanoptera
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
CanvasbackAythya valisineria
RedheadAythya americana
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicus
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillata
White-winged ScoterMelanitta fusca
Black ScoterMelanitta nigra
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalis
BuffleheadBucephala albeola
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
Barrow's GoldeneyeBucephala islandica
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatus
Common MerganserMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis
OspreyPandion haliaetus
White-tailed KiteElanus leucurus
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalus
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperii
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopus
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbarius
GyrfalconFalco rusticolus
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus
Prairie FalconFalco mexicanus
Gray PartridgePerdix perdix
Ring-neckedPheasant Phasianus colchicus
Ruffed GrouseBonasa umbellus
White-tailed PtarmiganLagopus leucurus
Blue GrouseDendragapus obscurus
Wild TurkeyMeleagris gallopavo
Mountain QuailOreortyx pictus
California QuailCallipepla californica
Northern BobwhiteColinus virginianus
Virginia RailRallus limicola
SoraPorzana carolina
American CootFulica americana
Sandhill CraneGrus canadensis
Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominica
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Snowy PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus
Black OystercatcherHaematopus bachmani
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitaria
Spotted SandpiperActitis macularia
WilletCatoptrophorus semipalmatus
Wandering TattlerHeteroscelus incanus
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Long-billed CurlewNumenius americanus
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoa
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
SurfbirdAphriza virgata
Red KnotCalidris canutus
SanderlingCalidris alba
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusilla
Western SandpiperCalidris mauri
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdii
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminata
Rock SandpiperCalidris ptilocnemis
DunlinCalidris alpina
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopus
Buff-breasted SandpiperTryngites subruficollis
RuffPhilomachus pugnax
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseus
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolor
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicaria
South Polar SkuaCatharacta maccormicki
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
Bonaparte's GullLarus philadelphia
Heermann's GullLarus heermanni
Mew GullLarus canus
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
California GullLarus californicus
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Thayer's GullLarus thayeri
Western GullLarus occidentalis
Glaucous-winged GullLarus glaucescens
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus
Sabine's GullXema Sabini
Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Caspian TernSterna caspia
Elegant TernSterna elegans
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
Forster's TernSterna forsteri
Black TernChlidonias niger
Common MurreUria aalge
Pigeon GuillemotCepphus columba
Marbled MurreletBrachyramphus marmoratus
Ancient MurreletSynthliboramphus antiquus
Cassin's AukletPtychoramphus aleuticus
Rhinoceros AukletCerorhinca monocerata
Tufted PuffinFratercula cirrhata
Rock DoveColumba livia
Band-tailed PigeonColumba fasciata
Mourning DoveZenaida macroura
Barn OwlTyto alba
Flammulated OwlOtus flammeolus
Western Screech-owlOtus kennicottii
Great Horned OwlBubo virginianus
Snowy OwlNyctea scandiaca
Northern Pygmy-owlGlaucidium gnoma
Burrowing OwlAthene cunicularia
Spotted OwlStrix occidentalis
Barred OwlStrix varia
Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Northern Saw-whet OwlAegolius acadicus
Common NighthawkChordeiles minor
Black SwiftCypseloides niger
Vaux's SwiftChaetura vauxi
White-throated SwiftAeronautes saxatalis
Black-chinned HummingbirdArchilochus alexandri
Anna's HummingbirdCalypte anna
Calliope HummingbirdStellula calliope
Rufous HummingbirdSelasphorus rufus
Belted KingfisherCeryle alcyon
Lewis's WoodpeckerMelanerpes lewis
Acorn WoodpeckerMelanerpes formicivorus
Williamson's SapsuckerSphyrapicus thyroideus
Red-naped SapsuckerSphyrapicus nuchalis
Red-breasted SapsuckerSphyrapicus ruber
Downy WoodpeckerPicoides pubescens
Hairy WoodpeckerPicoides villosus
Three-toed WoodpeckerPicoides tridactylus
Black-backed WoodpeckerPicoides arcticus
Northern FlickerColaptes auratus
Pileated WoodpeckerDryocopus pileatus
Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperi
Western Wood-peweeContopus sordidulus
Willow FlycatcherEmpidonax traillii
Hammond's FlycatcherEmpidonax hammondii
Dusky FlycatcherEmpidonax oberholseri
Pacific-slope FlycatcherEmpidonax difficilis
Say's PhoebeSayornis saya
Ash-throated FlycatcherMyiarchus cinerascens
Western KingbirdTyrannus verticalis
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannus
Loggerhead ShrikeLanius ludovicianus
Northern ShrikeLanius excubitor
Cassin's VireoVireo cassinii
Hutton's VireoVireo huttoni
Warbling VireoVireo gilvus
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus
Gray JayPerisoreus canadensis
Steller's JayCyanocitta stelleri
Western Scrub-JayAphelocoma californica
Pinyon JayGymnorhinus cyanocephalus
Clark's NutcrackerNucifraga columbiana
Black-billed MagpiePica pica
American CrowCorvus brachyrhynchos
NorthwesternCrow Corvus caurinus
Common RavenCorvus corax
Horned LarkEremophila alpestris
Purple MartinProgne subis
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolor
Violet-green SwallowTachycineta thalassina
Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennis
Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Black-capped ChickadeePoecile atricapillus
Mountain ChickadeePoecile gambeli
Chestnut-backed ChickadeePoecile rufescens
BushtitPsaltriparus minimus
Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensis
White-breasted NuthatchSitta carolinensis
Brown CreeperCerthia americana
Rock WrenSalpinctes obsoletus
Canyon WrenCatherpes mexicanus
Bewick's WrenThryomanes bewickii
House WrenTroglodytes aedon
Winter WrenTroglodytes troglodytes
Marsh WrenCistothorus palustris
American DipperCinclus mexicanus
Golden-crowned KingletRegulus satrapa
Ruby-crowned KingletRegulus calendula
Western BluebirdSialia mexicana
Mountain BluebirdSialia currucoides
Townsend's SolitaireMyadestes townsendi
VeeryCatharus fuscescens
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus
Hermit ThrushCatharus guttatus
American RobinTurdus migratorius
Varied ThrushIxoreus naevius
WrentitChamaea fasciata
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottos
European StarlingSturnus vulgaris
American PipitAnthus rubescens
Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum
Orange-crowned WarblerVermivora celata
Nashville WarblerVermivora ruficapilla
Yellow WarblerDendroica petechia
Yellow-rumped WarblerDendroica coronata
Black-throated Gray WarblerDendroica nigrescens
Townsend's WarblerDendroica townsendi
Hermit WarblerDendroica occidentalis
Palm WarblerDendroica palmarum
Macgillivray's WarblerOporornis tolmiei
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas
Wilson's WarblerWilsonia pusilla
Yellow-breasted ChatIcteria virens
Western TanagerPiranga ludoviciana
Green-tailed TowheePipilo chlorurus
Spotted TowheePipilo maculatus
California TowheePipilo crissalis
Chipping SparrowSpizella passerina
Brewer's SparrowSpizella breweri
Clay-colored SparrowSpizella pallida
Vesper SparrowPooecetes gramineus
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensis
Grasshopper SparrowAmmodramus savannarum
Fox SparrowPasserella iliaca
Song SparrowMelospiza melodia
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolnii
Swamp SparrowMelospiza georgiana
White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollis
Harris's SparrowZonotrichia querula
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrys
Golden-crowned SparrowZonotrichia atricapilla
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalis
Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalis
Lazuli BuntingPasserina amoena
Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceus
Tricolored BlackbirdAgelaius tricolor
Western MeadowlarkSturnella neglecta
Yellow-headed BlackbirdXanthocephalus xanthocephalus
Brewer's BlackbirdEuphagus cyanocephalus
Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus ater
Bullock's OrioleIcterus bullockii
Gray-crowned Rosy-FinchLeucosticte tephrocotis
Pine GrosbeakPinicola enucleator
Purple FinchCarpodacus purpureus
Cassin's FinchCarpodacus cassinii
House FinchCarpodacus mexicanus
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
Common RedpollCarduelis flammea
Pine SiskinCarduelis pinus
Lesser GoldfinchCarduelis psaltria
American GoldfinchCarduelis tristis
Evening GrosbeakCoccothraustes vespertinus
House SparrowPasser domesticus

 

Mammals

Common NameScientific Name
Virginia OpossumDidelphis virginiana
Masked ShrewSorex cinereus
Vagrant ShrewSorex vagrans
Montane ShrewSorex monticolus
Baird's ShrewSorex bairdi
Water ShrewSorex palustris
Pacific Water ShrewSorex bendirii
Trowbridge's ShrewSorex trowbridgii
Shrew-moleNeurotrichus gibbsii
Townsend's MoleScapanus townsendii
Coast MoleScapanus orarius
California MyotisMyotis californicus
Western Small-footed MyotisMyotis ciliolabrum
Yuma MyotisMyotis yumanensis
Little Brown MyotisMyotis lucifugus
Long-legged MyotisMyotis volans
Fringed MyotisMyotis thysanodes
Long-eared MyotisMyotis evotis
Silver-haired BatLasionycteris noctivagans
Big Brown BatEptesicus fuscus
Hoary BatLasiurus cinereus
Townsend's Big-eared BatCorynorhinus townsendii
American PikaOchotona princeps
Brush RabbitSylvilagus bachmani
Eastern CottontailSylvilagus floridanus
Nuttall's (Mountain) CottontailSylvilagus nuttallii
Snowshoe HareLepus americanus
Black-tailed JackrabbitLepus californicus
Mountain BeaverAplodontia rufa
Yellow-pine ChipmunkTamias amoenus
Townsend's ChipmunkTamias townsendii
Yellow-bellied MarmotMarmota flaviventris
California Ground SquirrelSpermophilus beecheyi
Golden-mantled Ground SquirrelSpermophilus lateralis
Cascade Golden-mantled Ground SquirrelSpermophilus saturatus
Eastern Gray SquirrelSciurus carolinensis
Eastern Fox SquirrelSciurus niger
Western Gray SquirrelSciurus griseus
Douglas' SquirrelTamiasciurus douglasii
Northern Flying SquirrelGlaucomys sabrinus
Northern Pocket GopherThomomys talpoides
Western Pocket GopherThomomys mazama
Camas Pocket GopherThomomys bulbivorus
American BeaverCastor canadensis
Western Harvest MouseReithrodontomys megalotis
Deer MousePeromyscus maniculatus
Columbian MousePeromyscus keeni
Pinon MousePeromyscus truei
Dusky-footed WoodratNeotoma fuscipes
Bushy-tailed WoodratNeotoma cinerea
Southern Red-backed VoleClethrionomys gapperi
Western Red-backed VoleClethrionomys californicus
Heather VolePhenacomys intermedius
White-footed VolePhenacomys albipes
Red Tree VolePhenacomys longicaudus
Montane VoleMicrotus montanus
Gray-tailed VoleMicrotus canicaudus
Townsend's VoleMicrotus townsendii
Long-tailed VoleMicrotus longicaudus
Creeping VoleMicrotus oregoni
Water VoleMicrotus richardsoni
MuskratOndatra zibethicus
Black RatRattus rattus
Norway RatRattus norvegicus
House MouseMus musculus
Western Jumping MouseZapus princeps
Pacific Jumping MouseZapus trinotatus
Common PorcupineErethizon dorsatum
NutriaMyocastor coypus
CoyoteCanis latrans
Red FoxVulpes vulpes
Gray FoxUrocyon cinereoargenteus
Black BearUrsus americanus
RaccoonProcyon lotor
American MartenMartes americana
FisherMartes pennanti
ErmineMustela erminea
Long-tailed WeaselMustela frenata
MinkMustela vison
WolverineGulo gulo
American BadgerTaxidea taxus
Western Spotted SkunkSpilogale gracilis
Striped SkunkMephitis mephitis
Northern River OtterLutra canadensis
Mountain LionPuma concolor
BobcatLynx rufus
ElkCervus elaphus
Mule DeerOdocoileus hemionus
White-tailed DeerOdocoileus virginianus
Columbian White-tailed DeerOdocoileus virginianus leucurus

Marine Mammals

Common NameScientific Name
Northern (Steller) Sea LionEumetopias jubatus
California Sea LionZalophus californianus
Harbor SealPhoca vitulin

 

Reptiles

Common NameScientific Name
Snapping TurtleChelydra serpentina
Painted TurtleChrysemys picta
Western Pond TurtleClemmys marmorata
Red-eared Slider TurtleTrachemys scripta
Northern Alligator LizardElgaria coerulea
Southern Alligator LizardElgaria multicarinata
Western Fence LizardSceloporus occidentalis
Western SkinkEumeces skiltonianus
Rubber BoaCharina bottae
RacerColuber constrictor
Ringneck SnakeDiadophis punctatus
California Mountain KingsnakeLampropeltis zonata
Gopher SnakePituophis catenifer
Western Terrestrial Garter SnakeThamnophis elegans
Northwestern Garter SnakeThamnophis ordinoides
Common Garter SnakeThamnophis sirtalis
Western RattlesnakeCrotalus viridis